Angling is the task of aiming to catch fish. Fish are typically captured in the wild. Strategies for catching fish consist of hand gathering, spearing, netting, fishing and capturing. Angling may consist of catching marine animals besides fish, such as molluscs, cephalopods, crustaceans, and echinoderms. The term is not typically applied to catching farmed fish, or to marine creatures, such as whales where the term whaling is better suited.
According to the United Nations FAO data, the total number of business fishermen and fish farmers is approximated to be 38 million. Fisheries and aquaculture supply straight and indirect employment to over 500 million individuals in developing countries. In 2005, the around the world per capita usage of fish recorded from wild fisheries was 14.4 kilos, with an extra 7.4 kilos gathered from fish ranches. Along with supplying food, modern angling is likewise a recreational activity.
Angling is an old technique that goes back to at least the start of the Upper Paleolithic duration regarding 40,000 years ago. Isotopic analysis of the skeletal remains of Tianyuan man, a 40,000-year-old modern human from eastern Asia, has revealed that he regularly consumed freshwater fish. Archaeology features such as covering middens, discarded fish bones, and cavern paintings reveal that sea foods was very important for survival and consumed in considerable amounts.
Throughout this duration, lots of people lived a hunter-gatherer way of living and were, of need, continuously on the move. Nonetheless, where there are early instances of long-term settlements (though not always permanently occupied) such as those at Lepenski Vir, they are often connected with angling as a significant resource of food.
Englishmen dogger was an early form of sailing trawler from the 17th century, but the present day fishing trawler was developed in the 19th century, at the English fishing port of Brixham. By the first 19th century, the fishermen at Brixham needed seriously to expand their fishing area further than ever before as a result of ongoing depletion of stocks that has been occurring in the overfished waters of South Devon. The Brixham trawler that evolved there clearly was of a sleek build and had a tall gaff rig, which gave the vessel sufficient speed to make long distance trips out to the fishing grounds in the ocean. They certainly were also sufficiently robust to manage to tow large trawls in deep water. The great trawling fleet that built up at Brixham, received the village the title of'Mother of Deep-water Fisheries.
This revolutionary design made large scale trawling in the water easy for the first time, producing a spontaneous movement of fishermen from the harbour in the South of England, to villages further north, such as for instance Scarborough, Hull, Grimsby, Harwich and Yarmouth, that were points of usage of the big fishing grounds in the Atlantic Ocean.
The small village of Grimsby grew to become the biggest fishing port on the planet by the mid 19th century. An Act of Parliament was initially obtained in 1796, which authorised the construction of new quays and dredging of the Haven to make it deeper. It was just in the 1846, with the tremendous expansion in the fishing industry, that the Grimsby Dock Company was formed. The foundation stone for the Royal Dock was laid by Albert the Prince consort in 1849. The dock covered 25 acres (10 ha) and was formally opened by Queen Victoria in 1854 as the very first modern fishing port.
The amazing Brixham trawler wide spread along the planet, influence fishing fleets anywhere. By the end of the 19th century, there have been over 3,000 fishing trawlers in commission in Britain, with nearly 1,000 at Grimsby. These trawlers were sold to fishermen all over Europe, including from the Netherlands and Scandinavia. Twelve trawlers proceeded to form the nucleus of the German fishing fleet.
The first steam powered fishing boats first appeared in the 1870s and used the trawl system of fishing along with lines and drift nets. They were large boats, usually 80–90 feet (24–27 m) long with a beam of around 20 feet (6.1 m). They weighed 40-50 tons and travelled at 9–11 knots (17–20 km/h; 10–13 mph). The first purpose built fishing vessels were designed and created by David Allan in Leith, Scotland in March 1875, when he converted a drifter to steam power. In 1877, he built the very first screw propelled steam trawler in the world.
Steam trawlers were introduced at Grimsby and Hull in the 1880s. In 1890 it was estimated that there have been 20,000 men on the North Sea. The steam drifter was not used in the herring fishery until 1897. The final sailing fishing trawler was built in 1925 in Grimsby. Trawler designs adapted as the way they were powered changed from sail to coal-fired steam by World War I to diesel and turbines by the end of World War II.
In 1931, the very first powered drum was created by Laurie Jarelainen. The drum was a circular device that has been set aside of the boat and would draw in the nets. Since World War II, radio navigation aids and fish finders have already been widely used. The first trawlers fished over the medial side, as opposed to within the stern. The first purpose built stern trawler was Fairtry built in 1953 at Aberdeen, Scotland. The ship was much bigger than some other trawlers then in operation and inaugurated the era of the'super trawler '. Because the ship pulled its nets within the stern, it may lift out a much greater haul all the way to 60 tons. The ship served as a basis for the expansion of'super trawlers'around the globe in the following decades.