Angling is the activity of aiming to capture fish. Fish are typically captured in the wild. Strategies for capturing fish consist of hand event, spearing, netting, fishing and capturing. Angling could consist of capturing aquatic pets apart from fish, such as molluscs, cephalopods, shellfishes, and echinoderms. The term is not typically applied to capturing farmed fish, or to aquatic animals, such as whales where the term whaling is more appropriate.
Inning accordance with the United Nations FAO data, the complete number of business anglers and fish farmers is approximated to be 38 million. Fisheries and tank farming offer direct and indirect work to over 500 million individuals in creating nations. In 2005, the worldwide per head intake of fish caught from wild fisheries was 14.4 kilos, with an additional 7.4 kilos harvested from fish ranches. In addition to offering food, contemporary angling is also a recreational pastime.
Angling is an old method that goes back to at least the beginning of the Upper Paleolithic period regarding 40,000 years ago. Isotopic analysis of the skeletal remains of Tianyuan man, a 40,000-year-old contemporary human from eastern Asia, has revealed that he routinely ate freshwater fish. Archaeology attributes such as covering middens, thrown out fish bones, and cavern paintings reveal that sea foods was very important for survival and eaten in significant quantities.
During this period, most individuals lived a hunter-gatherer way of living and were, of requirement, frequently on the move. Nevertheless, where there are early examples of permanent negotiations (though not necessarily permanently occupied) such as those at Lepenski Vir, they are often connected with angling as a major resource of food.
Englishmen dogger was an earlier form of sailing trawler from the 17th century, but the present day fishing trawler was developed in the 19th century, at the English fishing port of Brixham. By early 19th century, the fishermen at Brixham needed to expand their fishing area further than ever before as a result of ongoing depletion of stocks that was occurring in the overfished waters of South Devon. The Brixham trawler that evolved there is of a smooth build and had a tall gaff rig, which gave the vessel sufficient speed to create cross country trips out to the fishing grounds in the ocean. They were also sufficiently robust to be able to tow huge trawls in deep ocean. The fantastic trawling fleet that accumulated at Brixham, earned the village the title of'Mother of Deep-ocean Fisheries.
This extraordinary models made huge scale trawling in the ocean possible for the very first time, producing a mass movement of fishermen from the harbour in the South of England, to villages further north, such as Scarborough, Hull, Grimsby, Harwich and Yarmouth, that have been points of access to the large fishing place in the Atlantic deep water.
The little village of Grimsby grew to become the largest fishing port in the world by the mid 19th century. An Act of Parliament was obtained in 1796, which authorised the construction of new quays and dredging of the Haven to create it deeper. It was only in the 1846, with the tremendous expansion in the fishing industry, that the Grimsby Dock Company was formed. The foundation stone for the Royal Dock was laid by Albert the Prince consort in 1849. The dock covered 25 acres (10 ha) and was formally opened by Queen Victoria in 1854 as the first modern fishing port.
The amazing Brixham trawler spread along the entire world, influence fishing fleets anywhere. By the end of the 19th century, there were over 3,000 fishing trawlers in district in Britain, with almost 1,000 at Grimsby. These trawlers were sold to fishermen around Europe, including from the Netherlands and Scandinavia. Twelve trawlers went on to make the nucleus of the German fishing fleet.
The earliest steam powered fishing boats first appeared in the 1870s and used the trawl system of fishing along with lines and drift nets. They were large boats, usually 80–90 feet (24–27 m) in total with a beam of around 20 feet (6.1 m). They weighed 40-50 tons and travelled at 9–11 knots (17–20 km/h; 10–13 mph). The earliest purpose built fishing vessels were designed and produced by David Allan in Leith, Scotland in March 1875, when he converted a drifter to steam power. In 1877, he built the first screw propelled steam trawler in the world.
Steam trawlers were introduced at Grimsby and Hull in the 1880s. In 1890 it was estimated that there were 20,000 men on the North Sea. The steam drifter was not found in the herring fishery until 1897. The last sailing fishing trawler was built in 1925 in Grimsby. Trawler designs adapted as the way they were powered changed from sail to coal-fired steam by World War I to diesel and turbines by the end of World War II.
In 1931, the first powered drum was produced by Laurie Jarelainen. The drum was a circular device that was set sideways of the boat and would draw in the nets. Since World War II, radio navigation aids and fish finders have been widely used. The first trawlers fished over the side, as opposed to on the stern. The first purpose built stern trawler was Fairtry built in 1953 at Aberdeen, Scotland. The ship was much larger than some other trawlers then functioning and inaugurated the era of the'super trawler '. Since the ship pulled its nets on the stern, it could lift out a much greater haul as high as 60 tons. The ship served as a cause for the expansion of'super trawlers'around the world in these decades.