Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish. Fish are usually caught in the wild. Methods for catching fish include hand celebration, spearing, netting, fishing as well as trapping. Fishing might include catching marine animals other than fish, such as molluscs, cephalopods, crustaceans, as well as echinoderms. The term is not usually related to catching farmed fish, or to marine animals, such as whales where the term whaling is better suited.
According to the United Nations FAO data, the total number of industrial anglers as well as fish farmers is approximated to be 38 million. Fisheries as well as tank farming give direct as well as indirect employment to over 500 million people in developing countries. In 2005, the around the world per capita intake of fish recorded from wild fisheries was 14.4 kilograms, with an added 7.4 kilograms collected from fish ranches. In addition to giving food, modern angling is likewise an entertainment activity.
Fishing is an old practice that goes back to at the very least the start of the Upper Paleolithic period concerning 40,000 years ago. Isotopic analysis of the skeletal remains of Tianyuan man, a 40,000-year-old modern human from eastern Asia, has revealed that he regularly ate freshwater fish. Archaeology features such as shell middens, thrown out fish bones, as well as cavern paintings show that sea foods was very important for survival as well as eaten in substantial quantities.
Throughout this period, many people lived a hunter-gatherer lifestyle as well as were, of requirement, constantly on the relocation. Nevertheless, where there are early examples of long-term settlements (though not always permanently occupied) such as those at Lepenski Vir, they are often connected with angling as a significant source of food.
The British dogger was an earlier type of sailing trawler from the 17th century, but the modern fishing trawler was developed in the 19th century, at the English fishing port of Brixham. By early 19th century, the fishermen at Brixham had a need to expand their fishing area further than ever before as a result of ongoing depletion of stocks that was occurring in the overfished waters of South Devon. The Brixham trawler that evolved there is of a sleek build and had a high gaff rig, which gave the vessel sufficient speed to produce long-distance trips out to the fishing grounds in the ocean. These were also sufficiently robust to have the ability to tow huge trawls in deep ocean. The truly amazing trawling fleet that built up at Brixham, earned the village the title of'Mother of Deep-ocean Fisheries.
This extraordinary models made huge scale trawling in the ocean possible for the very first time, producing a spontaneous migration of fishermen from the ports in the South of England, to villages further north, such as for instance Scarborough, Hull, Grimsby, Harwich and Yarmouth, that were points of use of the huge fishing spot in the Atlantic sea.
The small village of Grimsby grew to become the largest fishing port on the planet by the mid 19th century. An Act of Parliament was first obtained in 1796, which authorised the construction of new quays and dredging of the Haven to produce it deeper. It was only in the 1846, with the tremendous expansion in the fishing industry, that the Grimsby Dock Company was formed. The foundation stone for the Royal Dock was laid by Albert the Prince consort in 1849. The dock covered 25 acres (10 ha) and was formally opened by Queen Victoria in 1854 as the very first modern fishing port.
The elegant Brixham trawler spread across the entire world, influencing fishing fleets everywhere. By the conclusion of the 19th century, there were over 3,000 fishing trawlers in commission in Britain, with merely 1,000 at Grimsby. These trawlers were sold to fishermen all over Europe, including from the Netherlands and Scandinavia. Twelve trawlers continued to make the nucleus of the German fishing fleet.
The initial steam powered fishing boats first appeared in the 1870s and used the trawl system of fishing along with lines and drift nets. They certainly were large boats, usually 80–90 feet (24–27 m) in total with a beam of around 20 feet (6.1 m). They weighed 40-50 tons and travelled at 9–11 knots (17–20 km/h; 10–13 mph). The initial purpose built fishing vessels were designed and created by David Allan in Leith, Scotland in March 1875, when he converted a drifter to steam power. In 1877, he built the very first screw propelled steam trawler in the world.
Steam trawlers were introduced at Grimsby and Hull in the 1880s. In 1890 it had been estimated that there were 20,000 men on the North Sea. The steam drifter was not used in the herring fishery until 1897. The last sailing fishing trawler was built in 1925 in Grimsby. Trawler designs adapted as the way they were powered changed from sail to coal-fired steam by World War I to diesel and turbines by the conclusion of World War II.
In 1931, the very first powered drum was produced by Laurie Jarelainen. The drum was a circular device that was set sideways of the boat and would draw in the nets. Since World War II, radio navigation aids and fish finders have already been widely used. The first trawlers fished over the side, as opposed to over the stern. The first purpose built stern trawler was Fairtry built in 1953 at Aberdeen, Scotland. The ship was much bigger than some other trawlers then functioning and inaugurated the era of the'super trawler '. Because the ship pulled its nets over the stern, it may lift out a much greater haul of up to 60 tons. The ship served as a cause for the expansion of'super trawlers'around the world in the following decades.