Fishing is the activity of aiming to catch fish. Fish are usually captured in the wild. Methods for capturing fish include hand event, spearing, netting, fishing and capturing. Fishing could include capturing aquatic pets other than fish, such as molluscs, cephalopods, shellfishes, and echinoderms. The term is not usually related to capturing farmed fish, or to aquatic creatures, such as whales where the term whaling is better suited.
Inning accordance with the United Nations FAO data, the overall number of industrial anglers and fish farmers is approximated to be 38 million. Fisheries and tank farming offer straight and indirect work to over 500 million individuals in establishing countries. In 2005, the around the world per capita intake of fish captured from wild fisheries was 14.4 kilograms, with an extra 7.4 kilograms harvested from fish ranches. Along with providing food, modern-day angling is also an entertainment activity.
Fishing is an old practice that dates back to at the very least the beginning of the Upper Paleolithic period regarding 40,000 years back. Isotopic evaluation of the skeletal remains of Tianyuan man, a 40,000-year-old modern-day human from eastern Asia, has actually shown that he regularly consumed freshwater fish. Archaeology attributes such as shell middens, disposed of fish bones, and cavern paintings show that sea foods was necessary for survival and consumed in considerable quantities.
Throughout this period, many people lived a hunter-gatherer way of life and were, of requirement, regularly on the move. However, where there are early instances of irreversible settlements (though not always completely occupied) such as those at Lepenski Vir, they are often connected with angling as a significant resource of food.
The British dogger was an early type of sailing trawler from the 17th century, but the present day fishing trawler was developed in the 19th century, at the English fishing port of Brixham. By the early 19th century, the fishermen at Brixham had a need to expand their fishing area further than ever before because of the ongoing depletion of stocks that was occurring in the overfished waters of South Devon. The Brixham trawler that evolved there was of a sleek build and had a large gaff rig, which gave the vessel sufficient speed to make long distance trips out to the fishing grounds in the ocean. They certainly were also sufficiently robust to be able to tow large trawls in deep water. The fantastic trawling fleet that built up at Brixham, earned the village the title of'Mother of Deep-water Fisheries.
This extraordinary design made large scale trawling in the water possible for the first time, resulting in a spontaneous movement of fishermen from the harbour in the South of England, to villages further north, such as for instance Scarborough, Hull, Grimsby, Harwich and Yarmouth, which were points of use of the big fishing place in the Atlantic Ocean.
The tiny village of Grimsby grew to become the largest fishing port in the world by the mid 19th century. An Act of Parliament was obtained in 1796, which authorised the construction of new quays and dredging of the Haven to make it deeper. It was just in the 1846, with the tremendous expansion in the fishing industry, that the Grimsby Dock Company was formed. The building blocks stone for the Royal Dock was laid by Albert the Prince consort in 1849. The dock covered 25 acres (10 ha) and was formally opened by Queen Victoria in 1854 as the very first modern fishing port.
The amazing Brixham trawler spread across the planet, influence fishing fleets anywhere. By the end of the 19th century, there have been over 3,000 fishing trawlers in commission in Britain, with almost 1,000 at Grimsby. These trawlers were sold to fishermen all over Europe, including from the Netherlands and Scandinavia. Twelve trawlers proceeded to make the nucleus of the German fishing fleet.
The first steam powered fishing boats first appeared in the 1870s and used the trawl system of fishing along with lines and drift nets. These were large boats, usually 80–90 feet (24–27 m) in length with a beam of around 20 feet (6.1 m). They weighed 40-50 tons and travelled at 9–11 knots (17–20 km/h; 10–13 mph). The first purpose built fishing vessels were designed and created by David Allan in Leith, Scotland in March 1875, when he converted a drifter to steam power. In 1877, he built the very first screw propelled steam trawler in the world.
Steam trawlers were introduced at Grimsby and Hull in the 1880s. In 1890 it was estimated that there have been 20,000 men on the North Sea. The steam drifter wasn't used in the herring fishery until 1897. The last sailing fishing trawler was built in 1925 in Grimsby. Trawler designs adapted as the direction they were powered changed from sail to coal-fired steam by World War I to diesel and turbines by the end of World War II.
In 1931, the very first powered drum was created by Laurie Jarelainen. The drum was a round device that was set to the side of the boat and would draw in the nets. Since World War II, radio navigation aids and fish finders have been widely used. The initial trawlers fished over the side, as opposed to within the stern. The initial purpose built stern trawler was Fairtry built in 1953 at Aberdeen, Scotland. The ship was much bigger than any other trawlers then in operation and inaugurated the era of the'super trawler '. While the ship pulled its nets within the stern, it could lift out a much greater haul all the way to 60 tons. The ship served as a basis for the expansion of'super trawlers'all over the world in the next decades.