Fishing is the activity of trying to capture fish. Fish are typically captured in the wild. Techniques for capturing fish consist of hand gathering, spearing, netting, fishing and trapping. Fishing may consist of capturing marine animals apart from fish, such as molluscs, cephalopods, shellfishes, and echinoderms. The term is not typically related to capturing farmed fish, or to marine creatures, such as whales where the term whaling is better.
According to the United Nations FAO stats, the total number of business anglers and fish farmers is approximated to be 38 million. Fisheries and tank farming supply direct and indirect work to over 500 million people in creating countries. In 2005, the around the world per capita usage of fish captured from wild fisheries was 14.4 kgs, with an additional 7.4 kgs collected from fish farms. Along with providing food, contemporary fishing is likewise a recreational activity.
Fishing is an ancient technique that dates back to at least the beginning of the Upper Paleolithic period about 40,000 years ago. Isotopic analysis of the skeletal remains of Tianyuan man, a 40,000-year-old contemporary human from eastern Asia, has revealed that he routinely ate freshwater fish. Archaeology features such as covering middens, thrown out fish bones, and cave paintings show that sea foods was necessary for survival and consumed in considerable quantities.
During this period, most people lived a hunter-gatherer way of life and were, of necessity, continuously on the step. Nonetheless, where there are early instances of irreversible negotiations (though not necessarily completely inhabited) such as those at Lepenski Vir, they are generally connected with fishing as a significant resource of food.
Englishmen dogger was an early on form of sailing trawler from the 17th century, but the modern fishing trawler was developed in the 19th century, at the English fishing port of Brixham. By the first 19th century, the fishermen at Brixham needed seriously to expand their fishing area further than previously because of the ongoing depletion of stocks that was occurring in the overfished waters of South Devon. The Brixham trawler that evolved there clearly was of a modern build and had a high gaff rig, which gave the vessel sufficient speed to make cross country trips out to the fishing grounds in the ocean. They were also sufficiently robust to be able to tow large trawls in deep water. The truly amazing trawling fleet that built up at Brixham, earned the village the title of'Mother of Deep-water Fisheries.
This extremely design made large scale trawling in the water easy for the first time, producing a mass migration of fishermen from the harbour in the South of England, to villages further north, such as Scarborough, Hull, Grimsby, Harwich and Yarmouth, that have been points of usage of the large fishing place in the Atlantic deep water.
The small village of Grimsby grew to become the greatest fishing port on earth by the mid 19th century. An Act of Parliament was first obtained in 1796, which authorised the construction of new quays and dredging of the Haven to make it deeper. It was just in the 1846, with the tremendous expansion in the fishing industry, that the Grimsby Dock Company was formed. The foundation stone for the Royal Dock was laid by Albert the Prince consort in 1849. The dock covered 25 acres (10 ha) and was formally opened by Queen Victoria in 1854 as the very first modern fishing port.
The amazing Brixham trawler wide spread along the planet, influencing fishing fleets everywhere. By the conclusion of the 19th century, there were over 3,000 fishing trawlers in district in Britain, with almost 1,000 at Grimsby. These trawlers were sold to fishermen all over Europe, including from the Netherlands and Scandinavia. Twelve trawlers continued to create the nucleus of the German fishing fleet.
The first steam powered fishing boats first appeared in the 1870s and used the trawl system of fishing along with lines and drift nets. They certainly were large boats, usually 80–90 feet (24–27 m) long with a beam of around 20 feet (6.1 m). They weighed 40-50 tons and travelled at 9–11 knots (17–20 km/h; 10–13 mph). The first purpose built fishing vessels were designed and produced by David Allan in Leith, Scotland in March 1875, when he converted a drifter to steam power. In 1877, he built the very first screw propelled steam trawler in the world.
Steam trawlers were introduced at Grimsby and Hull in the 1880s. In 1890 it was estimated that there were 20,000 men on the North Sea. The steam drifter was not used in the herring fishery until 1897. The last sailing fishing trawler was built in 1925 in Grimsby. Trawler designs adapted as how they were powered changed from sail to coal-fired steam by World War I to diesel and turbines by the conclusion of World War II.
In 1931, the very first powered drum was created by Laurie Jarelainen. The drum was a circular device that was set to the side of the boat and would draw in the nets. Since World War II, radio navigation aids and fish finders have been widely used. The very first trawlers fished over the side, rather than on the stern. The very first purpose built stern trawler was Fairtry built in 1953 at Aberdeen, Scotland. The ship was much larger than every other trawlers then in operation and inaugurated the era of the'super trawler '. Because the ship pulled its nets on the stern, it could lift out a much greater haul of up to 60 tons. The ship served as a cause for the expansion of'super trawlers'all over the world in these decades.