Fishing is the activity of aiming to catch fish. Fish are typically captured in the wild. Strategies for catching fish consist of hand event, spearing, netting, angling and trapping. Fishing may consist of catching water pets aside from fish, such as molluscs, cephalopods, crustaceans, and echinoderms. The term is not typically applied to catching farmed fish, or to water mammals, such as whales where the term whaling is better suited.
According to the United Nations FAO statistics, the total number of industrial anglers and fish farmers is approximated to be 38 million. Fisheries and tank farming offer direct and indirect work to over 500 million individuals in establishing countries. In 2005, the worldwide per capita intake of fish caught from wild fisheries was 14.4 kilos, with an additional 7.4 kilos harvested from fish farms. In addition to offering food, modern-day fishing is also a recreational activity.
Fishing is an old method that goes back to at the very least the beginning of the Upper Paleolithic period about 40,000 years earlier. Isotopic evaluation of the skeletal remains of Tianyuan man, a 40,000-year-old modern-day human from eastern Asia, has shown that he consistently ate freshwater fish. Archaeology features such as covering middens, discarded fish bones, and cave paintings reveal that sea foods was necessary for survival and eaten in significant amounts.
Throughout this period, most people lived a hunter-gatherer lifestyle and were, of necessity, constantly on the action. Nevertheless, where there are early examples of permanent negotiations (though not necessarily permanently inhabited) such as those at Lepenski Vir, they are usually associated with fishing as a significant resource of food.
Englishmen dogger was an early on form of sailing trawler from the 17th century, but the modern fishing trawler was developed in the 19th century, at the English fishing port of Brixham. By the early 19th century, the fishermen at Brixham needed to expand their fishing area further than ever before as a result of ongoing depletion of stocks that has been occurring in the overfished waters of South Devon. The Brixham trawler that evolved there was of a modern build and had a tall gaff rig, which gave the vessel sufficient speed to create long-distance trips out to the fishing grounds in the ocean. They were also sufficiently robust to be able to tow large trawls in deep ocean. The truly amazing trawling fleet that accumulated at Brixham, earned the village the title of'Mother of Deep-ocean Fisheries.
This extraordinary models made large scale trawling in the ocean feasible for the first time, resulting in a mass movement of fishermen from the ports in the South of England, to villages further north, such as Scarborough, Hull, Grimsby, Harwich and Yarmouth, that were points of usage of the big fishing grounds in the Atlantic Ocean.
The small village of Grimsby grew to become the greatest fishing port on the planet by the mid 19th century. An Act of Parliament was initially obtained in 1796, which authorised the construction of new quays and dredging of the Haven to create it deeper. It was only in the 1846, with the tremendous expansion in the fishing industry, that the Grimsby Dock Company was formed. The inspiration stone for the Royal Dock was laid by Albert the Prince consort in 1849. The dock covered 25 acres (10 ha) and was formally opened by Queen Victoria in 1854 as the initial modern fishing port.
The amazing Brixham trawler wide spread along the world, influencing fishing fleets anywhere. By the finish of the 19th century, there have been over 3,000 fishing trawlers in area in Britain, with almost 1,000 at Grimsby. These trawlers were sold to fishermen all over Europe, including from the Netherlands and Scandinavia. Twelve trawlers went on to make the nucleus of the German fishing fleet.
The earliest steam powered fishing boats first appeared in the 1870s and used the trawl system of fishing along with lines and drift nets. These were large boats, usually 80–90 feet (24–27 m) in length with a beam of around 20 feet (6.1 m). They weighed 40-50 tons and travelled at 9–11 knots (17–20 km/h; 10–13 mph). The earliest purpose built fishing vessels were designed and created by David Allan in Leith, Scotland in March 1875, when he converted a drifter to steam power. In 1877, he built the initial screw propelled steam trawler in the world.
Steam trawlers were introduced at Grimsby and Hull in the 1880s. In 1890 it absolutely was estimated that there have been 20,000 men on the North Sea. The steam drifter wasn't used in the herring fishery until 1897. The past sailing fishing trawler was built in 1925 in Grimsby. Trawler designs adapted as the way they were powered changed from sail to coal-fired steam by World War I to diesel and turbines by the finish of World War II.
In 1931, the initial powered drum was created by Laurie Jarelainen. The drum was a round device that has been set sideways of the boat and would draw in the nets. Since World War II, radio navigation aids and fish finders have now been widely used. The initial trawlers fished over the medial side, as opposed to on the stern. The initial purpose built stern trawler was Fairtry built in 1953 at Aberdeen, Scotland. The ship was much bigger than any trawlers then in operation and inaugurated the era of the'super trawler '. As the ship pulled its nets on the stern, it might lift out a much greater haul all the way to 60 tons. The ship served as a cause for the expansion of'super trawlers'around the world in these decades.