Angling is the task of attempting to catch fish. Fish are normally caught in the wild. Techniques for catching fish include hand event, spearing, netting, fishing and trapping. Angling could include catching water animals other than fish, such as molluscs, cephalopods, shellfishes, and echinoderms. The term is not normally related to catching farmed fish, or to water creatures, such as whales where the term whaling is better.
According to the United Nations FAO statistics, the complete number of commercial anglers and fish farmers is approximated to be 38 million. Fisheries and aquaculture provide straight and indirect work to over 500 million individuals in establishing countries. In 2005, the around the world per head consumption of fish captured from wild fisheries was 14.4 kilograms, with an additional 7.4 kilograms gathered from fish farms. In addition to giving food, modern fishing is also a recreational leisure activity.
Angling is an old practice that goes back to at least the beginning of the Upper Paleolithic period concerning 40,000 years ago. Isotopic analysis of the skeletal remains of Tianyuan male, a 40,000-year-old modern human from eastern Asia, has revealed that he regularly ate freshwater fish. Archaeology attributes such as shell middens, thrown out fish bones, and cavern paintings show that sea foods was essential for survival and consumed in significant quantities.
During this period, most individuals lived a hunter-gatherer lifestyle and were, of need, regularly on the relocation. Nevertheless, where there are early examples of permanent settlements (though not always permanently inhabited) such as those at Lepenski Vir, they are almost always connected with fishing as a significant resource of food.
The British dogger was an early on type of sailing trawler from the 17th century, but the present day fishing trawler was developed in the 19th century, at the English fishing port of Brixham. By the early 19th century, the fishermen at Brixham needed to expand their fishing area further than previously as a result of ongoing depletion of stocks that was occurring in the overfished waters of South Devon. The Brixham trawler that evolved there is of a smooth build and had a tall gaff rig, which gave the vessel sufficient speed to create cross country trips out to the fishing grounds in the ocean. They were also sufficiently robust to be able to tow large trawls in deep water. The great trawling fleet that accumulated at Brixham, received the village the title of'Mother of Deep-water Fisheries.
This extraordinary model made large scale trawling in the water easy for the very first time, producing a massive migration of fishermen from the harbour in the South of England, to villages further north, such as Scarborough, Hull, Grimsby, Harwich and Yarmouth, that have been points of access to the huge fishing spot in the Atlantic Ocean.
The tiny village of Grimsby grew to become the biggest fishing port in the world by the mid 19th century. An Act of Parliament was initially obtained in 1796, which authorised the construction of new quays and dredging of the Haven to create it deeper. It was just in the 1846, with the tremendous expansion in the fishing industry, that the Grimsby Dock Company was formed. The building blocks stone for the Royal Dock was laid by Albert the Prince consort in 1849. The dock covered 25 acres (10 ha) and was formally opened by Queen Victoria in 1854 as the first modern fishing port.
The amazing Brixham trawler spread across the entire world, influence fishing fleets anywhere. By the conclusion of the 19th century, there were over 3,000 fishing trawlers in area in Britain, with almost 1,000 at Grimsby. These trawlers were sold to fishermen accross Europe, including from the Netherlands and Scandinavia. Twelve trawlers went on to form the nucleus of the German fishing fleet.
The initial steam powered fishing boats first appeared in the 1870s and used the trawl system of fishing as well as lines and drift nets. They certainly were large boats, usually 80–90 feet (24–27 m) in total with a beam of around 20 feet (6.1 m). They weighed 40-50 tons and travelled at 9–11 knots (17–20 km/h; 10–13 mph). The initial purpose built fishing vessels were designed and created by David Allan in Leith, Scotland in March 1875, when he converted a drifter to steam power. In 1877, he built the first screw propelled steam trawler in the world.
Steam trawlers were introduced at Grimsby and Hull in the 1880s. In 1890 it had been estimated that there were 20,000 men on the North Sea. The steam drifter was not utilized in the herring fishery until 1897. The last sailing fishing trawler was integrated 1925 in Grimsby. Trawler designs adapted as how they were powered changed from sail to coal-fired steam by World War I to diesel and turbines by the conclusion of World War II.
In 1931, the first powered drum was produced by Laurie Jarelainen. The drum was a circular device that was set to the side of the boat and would draw in the nets. Since World War II, radio navigation aids and fish finders have been widely used. The first trawlers fished over the medial side, rather than on the stern. The first purpose built stern trawler was Fairtry integrated 1953 at Aberdeen, Scotland. The ship was much bigger than some other trawlers then in operation and inaugurated the era of the'super trawler '. Since the ship pulled its nets on the stern, it may lift out a much greater haul all the way to 60 tons. The ship served as a basis for the expansion of'super trawlers'around the world in these decades.