Angling is the activity of trying to catch fish. Fish are typically captured in the wild. Techniques for catching fish include hand event, spearing, netting, fishing and trapping. Angling may include catching water pets apart from fish, such as molluscs, cephalopods, shellfishes, and echinoderms. The term is not typically related to catching farmed fish, or to water animals, such as whales where the term whaling is more appropriate.
According to the United Nations FAO statistics, the total number of industrial anglers and fish farmers is approximated to be 38 million. Fisheries and tank farming provide straight and indirect employment to over 500 million people in developing countries. In 2005, the around the world per head consumption of fish recorded from wild fisheries was 14.4 kilograms, with an additional 7.4 kilograms harvested from fish ranches. In addition to offering food, modern-day fishing is also a recreational leisure activity.
Angling is an old technique that dates back to a minimum of the start of the Upper Paleolithic period concerning 40,000 years earlier. Isotopic evaluation of the skeletal remains of Tianyuan male, a 40,000-year-old modern-day human from eastern Asia, has shown that he routinely took in freshwater fish. Archaeology features such as shell middens, discarded fish bones, and cavern paintings reveal that sea foods was necessary for survival and eaten in significant amounts.
Throughout this period, many people lived a hunter-gatherer way of living and were, of need, continuously on the step. Nevertheless, where there are early instances of permanent negotiations (though not necessarily permanently occupied) such as those at Lepenski Vir, they are generally related to fishing as a major source of food.
The British dogger was an earlier form of sailing trawler from the 17th century, but the present day fishing trawler was developed in the 19th century, at the English fishing port of Brixham. By early 19th century, the fishermen at Brixham needed to expand their fishing area further than previously because of the ongoing depletion of stocks that was occurring in the overfished waters of South Devon. The Brixham trawler that evolved there clearly was of a modern build and had a high gaff rig, which gave the vessel sufficient speed to produce long distance trips out to the fishing grounds in the ocean. They certainly were also sufficiently robust to manage to tow huge trawls in deep sea. The great trawling fleet that accumulated at Brixham, earned the village the title of'Mother of Deep-sea Fisheries.
This extraordinary models made huge scale trawling in the sea possible for the first time, producing a massive migration of fishermen from the harbour in the South of England, to villages further north, such as for example Scarborough, Hull, Grimsby, Harwich and Yarmouth, that were points of use of the big fishing grounds in the Atlantic sea.
The tiny village of Grimsby grew to become the greatest fishing port on earth by the mid 19th century. An Act of Parliament was initially obtained in 1796, which authorised the construction of new quays and dredging of the Haven to produce it deeper. It was just in the 1846, with the tremendous expansion in the fishing industry, that the Grimsby Dock Company was formed. The building blocks stone for the Royal Dock was laid by Albert the Prince consort in 1849. The dock covered 25 acres (10 ha) and was formally opened by Queen Victoria in 1854 as the very first modern fishing port.
The elegant Brixham trawler wide spread along the planet, influence fishing fleets everywhere. By the end of the 19th century, there were over 3,000 fishing trawlers in district in Britain, with nearly 1,000 at Grimsby. These trawlers were sold to fishermen around Europe, including from the Netherlands and Scandinavia. Twelve trawlers went on to create the nucleus of the German fishing fleet.
The first steam powered fishing boats first appeared in the 1870s and used the trawl system of fishing in addition to lines and drift nets. These were large boats, usually 80–90 feet (24–27 m) long with a beam of around 20 feet (6.1 m). They weighed 40-50 tons and travelled at 9–11 knots (17–20 km/h; 10–13 mph). The first purpose built fishing vessels were designed and produced by David Allan in Leith, Scotland in March 1875, when he converted a drifter to steam power. In 1877, he built the very first screw propelled steam trawler in the world.
Steam trawlers were introduced at Grimsby and Hull in the 1880s. In 1890 it absolutely was estimated that there were 20,000 men on the North Sea. The steam drifter was not used in the herring fishery until 1897. The final sailing fishing trawler was integrated 1925 in Grimsby. Trawler designs adapted as the way they were powered changed from sail to coal-fired steam by World War I to diesel and turbines by the end of World War II.
In 1931, the very first powered drum was developed by Laurie Jarelainen. The drum was a circular device that was set sideways of the boat and would draw in the nets. Since World War II, radio navigation aids and fish finders have now been widely used. The first trawlers fished over the medial side, rather than over the stern. The first purpose built stern trawler was Fairtry integrated 1953 at Aberdeen, Scotland. The ship was much bigger than any other trawlers then in operation and inaugurated the era of the'super trawler '. Because the ship pulled its nets over the stern, it could lift out a much greater haul all the way to 60 tons. The ship served as a cause for the expansion of'super trawlers'around the world in these decades.